I would like to express my sincere thanks to the following people,
who helped me in the technological procedures and
review the versions of this work.
Almost all of their suggestions have been incorporated in this paper:
(*) All the work around the symbolism of the instances of some words is due to Ramón Olmos.
Isabel Abelló, M. A.; P. José M. Alba S.J., M. A.; Dr. Federico de Alemany Ferrer, M. Th. (Ph. Dr.); P. Sebastián Bartina S.J. M. Th. (Ph. Dr.); P. Ignacio Borrull, Priest; Dr. Raoul Cerratti, German Historian, University of Oxford; Antonio M. Domenech, young student; José Luis Domínguez, accountant; Juana Expósito, M.A.; Fray Jorge M. Falasco, Cartucian M. Dr.; Jorge García, B. A.; Angela Guillén, M. A.; Jesús Jarabo; Isabel Lamarca, M. A.; Cristina Nogués, M. A.; José M. Núñez, Civil Engineer; José O'Callaghan S.J., M. Th. (Ph. Dr.); Domitille Odoux; Susana Olive, Mather of Family; Ramón Olmos(*) , M. SC. (Special); Cándido Pousada; Carlos Rey, Civil Engineer; Buenaventura Roure, Civil Engineer; Francisco Sales, Civil Engineer; Felix Saltor, Civil Engineer; Josep M. Serra; P. José M. Solé Romá C.M.F., M. Th. (Ph. Dr.) (ž); José M. Soler, Civil Engineer; Juan Tubau, Civil Engineer; Mn. Eduardo Vivas, Priest.
I would appreciate receiving any comments, suggestions or
contributions that you might wish to make on this work. Please, write to:
Manuel M. Domenech Izquierdo
Email para Manuel Ma Domenech Izquierdo
When I was a boy, I heard a preach on the Apocalypse. The priest told us how important it is the fact that things are seen and heard in it. Keeping this in mind I once found seven visions in between the letters to the seven churches and the theme of the seven seals in Saint John's Apocalypse, I also searched for seven occurrences of the verb "to see" after the seven trumpets, and finally I found three sets composed each of seven visions.
Then I wanted to emphasise this structure. To do this I began writing the Apocalypse, using a text processing system in my own computer. When I finished the prologue, as the text processing system forced me to mark the beginning of the paragraphs, I discovered seven paragraphs, and looking in detail I saw also seven main phrases or twelve as in the sixth paragraph.
I found also similar structures in the rest of the text, and this is what I attempt to show in this paper.
There are also verses of 3 or 9 lines when the role of God is important.
The criteria to begin a new line is mainly the conjunction "and" or "also", which in Greek is the same word. The relative pronouns, the imperatives, and the words "nor", "but", "there", "for", "so", "because", "until", "like", "for", "where" and the repetitions of the same word, are also a reason to begin a new line, but this does not occur as many times as with the word "and",
In some cases, it has been prefered to ignore the word "and" in order to split a line and then the ocurrences of "and" are indicated by a number between brackets. It is to be noted that this "and" could also be utilized to split the lines. This happens in Ap. 11,7-9 and in Ap. 14,9-10.
Depending on the criteria, other structures can be found. These are indicated whith titles and numbers on the right margin.
Apart from the main vision of Ap. 1,12 that, in some way, includes all the Apocalipse, we found forty personal visions or occurrences of the verb "I saw" which we will note with numbers inside parenthesis.
This can be important in relation with the parallelism that exists between the Apocalipse and the book of Exode.
These forty personal visions match the elements of the seven chapters in the structure presented in this paper except, of course, in the seven letters to the seven churches and, also in the following cases: Ap. 4,2-3 and Ap. 4,4-11, which do not contain the verb "I saw"; Ap. 16,12-16, which is another vision inside the more general one of the seven bowls; Ap.20,11-15 and Ap. 21,1-5a, which can not be split as verses of 7 or 12 lines. Finally, from Ap. 11,19 until Ap. 12,18, Sant John does not write "I saw", he writes "it was seen", instead.
The third and fourth themes can be structured by following the visions, instead of looking at seals and trumpets. This is indicated in the text with titles shown on the right margin. Doing this results in the following division.
III - The History
1. Visión 6: La apertura del primer sello
2. Visión 7: El Jinete vencedor y la guerra
3. Visión 8: El hambre
4. Visión 9: La peste
5. Visión 10: El clamor de los Mártires
6. Visión 11: El terremoto
7. Visión 12: Los cuatro ángeles
IV - The consummation
1. Visión 13: Los 144.000 Sellados
2. Visión 14: Los Santos
3. Visión 15: Conmoción cósmica
4. Visión 16: El águila voladora
5. Visión 17: El humo de Satanás
6. Visión 18: Los ejércitos del Eufrates
7. Visión 19: Elías y Enoc
The Lamb's vision: 9 voices
The seven seals: 12 voices
The seven trumpets: 12 voices
The big war: 7 voices
The doom of Babylon: 7+12 or 12+7 voices
The New Jerusalem: 9 voices
which added to the prologue's ones: Ap. 1,11 and Ap. 1,17, give us a total of 70 voices, which is to say ten times seven. The first two will be indicated on the right margin as (voice 1,70) and (voice 2,70). The other with the occurence number inside the theme.
There are some structures with seven verses each. These had been found:
1. Poema de los tronos
2. Poema del Cordero
1. Poema de los dos testigos
2. Poema de la mujer y el dragón
3. Poema de las dos bestias
4. Poema del Hijo del Hombre
5. Poema de Babilonia
6. Poema del castigo de Babilonia
7. Poema del aleluya celestial
8. Poema escatológico: El final de la historia
9. Poema de Jerusalén
Many authors have found a symbolic value on the instances of some words. The "macarisms" (blessings) and the "I will come" are known examples.
The instances are indicated here with numbers after the words. If there are three numbers their meaning is the instance, the scene and the total instances. If there are two, the instance and the total. If there is only one it is a repetition located in one scene.
The words that appear seven instances are:
Christ, "I will come", endurance, worthy, prepare, lampstand, Abyss, reign, flesh,
full, sickle, sharp, clothes, blessed, cloud, fornication, prophecy,
earthquake, sign and mark.
The following words are found twelve times: power, to repent, elders, smoke, to speak, to be invested with, bowl and to know.
The name of Jesus appears 14 times, that is 2 times seven.
Almighty (Pantocrator) has 9 instances, which is to say 3 times 3.
Babylon appears six times.
The Lamb appears 28 times but the word "lamb" is found 29 because it is said that the beast coming from the earth has "horns like a lamb". You will notice, 28, in addition of being 4 times 7, is a triangular number whose sides equal to the number 7: (1+2+3+4+5+6+7=28). There are 12 references to the Lamb from the first vision in Ap. 5,6-10 until the appearance of the beast of the sea, and 9 from the second important vision of the Lamb with the 144,000 in Ap. 14,1-2 until the heavenly allelujah because of the doom of Babylon. Finally there are 7 references in the vision of the new Jerusalem. This will be indicated in the text by three numbers after the word "Lamb". Their meanings are the instance, the occurrences in the group and the total number of occurrences.
Judge is repeated 4 times and judgment 3, which gives us a total of 7. But all of this is not indicated in this booklet. It could be that not all of this numeric data have a symbolism, but this is what is to be investigated. It seems to be clear that an intention is present.
Although the final version is not yet finished, it can be easilly seen that against the general opinion, Saint John's Apocalypse has an overall plan from one author, from the first line until the last one.
Its style, which has no equal in the universal literature, makes it true, as it is told in Ap.22,18-19, that no word can be added or taken off.
It's wonderful to see that the art developed with the rhythm of the ideas,
allows its splendor in any language. Any other resource as rhyme or metrics
does not allow for that.
This makes easy the meditation as well as the public declamation of the
In my humble opinion the text processing has been a great help to the humans. The specialists can continue finding more symbolisms or refining what has been found, but this work is enough to state what has been said, except for the Church judgement.
Sometimes the paragraph is composed of seven main phrases, sometimes twelve or even seven main and five secondaries, which give us a total of twelve. Then the structure is shown in this manner:
First line (1)
ancillary line (2)
Second line (3)
Third line (4)
ancillary line (5)
ancillary line (6)
Fourth line (7)
Fifth line (8)
ancillary line (9)
Sixth line (10)
Seventh line (11)
ancillary line (12)
Or, when the division is less strong, with signs like this (_) or (.) at the beginning of each ancillary part.
Sometimes there is a seven line structure distributed along two other seven line structures. This case will be presented this way:
There are sentences, which in turn, are made up of seven sintactical elements. Then the sign (_) or (.) is added to precede each one of them.
Finally, when there are 7 or 12 sets of sets of 7 or 12 lines, they are numbered on the left margin to make the structure clear.
|1. (Ap. 1,1-4a)||- 1 -||[Saint John's prologue]|
The revelation of Jesus (1,14) Christ (1,7),
which God gave Him
to show His servants what must soon take place,
and he signified by sending His angel to His servant John,
who testified the word of God,
and the testimony of Jesus (2,14) Christ (2,7),
all which he have seen.
Blessed (1,7) is the one who reads
and those who hear the words of this prophecy (1,7),
and take to heart what is written in it,
because the time is near.
John, to the seven churches which are in Asia:
|2. (1,4b-5a)||- 2 -|
Grace to you,
|from Him who is,||● ●|
|and who was,||●|
|and who is to come,||●|
|and from the seven spirits||●|
|and from Jesus (3,14) Christ (3,7),||●|
|3. (1,5b-6)||- 3 -|
|To Him who loves us||●|
|and has freed us||●|
|and has made us to be a kingdom||●|
|4. (1,7-8)||- 4 -|
Look, _he is coming _with the clouds (1,7)
and every eye will see Him,
and those who pierced Him;
and all the peoples _of the earth _will mourn _because of Him.
|So shall it be!||●|
|and the Omega, says the Lord||●|
|the [One who is] God,||●|
|and who was,||●|
|and who is to come,||●|
|the Almighty (1,9)."||●|
|5. (1,9-11)||- 5 -|
.I, .John, ..your .brother .and .companion .7
.in .the .suffering,
.and (in the) .kingdom
.and (in the) .endurance (1,7) .in .Jesus (4,14), .9
.was .on .the .island, .the one .called .Patmos .7
.because .of the .word .of .God
.and .the .testimony .of Jesus (5,14). .9
.I was .in .the Spirit (on) .the .day .of the .Lord .7
.and .I heard .behind .me .a loud .voice .like .a trumpet, .which said: .9
|_.«Write _.on .a scroll _.what .you see||(voice 1,70)|
|6. (1,12-17a)||- 6 -||[Includes from Ap. 1,12 until Ap. 22,19]|
|Ap. 22,20 is the Saint John's epilogue.|
.And [there] .I turned round .to see .the .voice .that (was) .speaking (1,12) .to .me; .9
.and .when I turned .I saw .seven .golden .lampstands (1,7), .and [.in] .between .the [.seven] .lampstands (2,7) .12
(was) .someone similar .to a son .of man, .clothed .down to his feet, .5
.and .with .a golden .sash .round .his .chest; .7
..his .head .and .the .hair .of (were) [white] .like (1) .wool, .white .like (2) .snow, .12
.and ..his .eyes (were) .like (3) .blazing .fire, .7
.and ..his .feet (were) .like (4) .bronze .glowing .in (a) .furnace, .9
.his .voice (was) .also .inflamed .like (5) .the .sound .of rushing .waters, .9
.and .in ..his .right .hand .he held .seven .stars, .9
.and .out of ..his .mouth .came .a sharp (1,7) .double-edged .sword, .9
.and ..his .face (was) .like (6) .the .sun .shining .in all ..its .power (1,12), .12
.and .when .I saw .Him, .I fell .at ..his .feet .like (7) .dead. .4 .7
.And .he placed ..his .right [.hand] .on .me .and said: .9
|- I -||[Jesus Christ's words]|
|[«.Do not .be afraid.]|||
|.I .am .the .First||●|
|.and .the .Last,||(voice 2,70)●|
|.and .the .Living One, .12||●|
|.and .I was .dead,|||
|.and .I hold .the .keys -.of the .Death -.and .the .Hades. .9|||
|".Write, .therefore, .what .you have seen,||●|
|.and .what .is now .7||●|
|.and .what .will .take place .after .that. .6||●|
|.The .mystery .of the .seven .stars .5|||
|.the .seven .stars .are .the angels .of the .seven .churches, .5 .3|||
|- III -||[Includes from Ap. 2,1 until Ap. 22,11]|
|The Jesus Christ's words follow on Ap. 22,12|
|To the angel of the church in Ephesus write:||1.|
|_These _are the words _of him who holds _the seven _stars _in his _right hand,|||
|.who walks .among .the seven .golden .lampstands (5,7):|||
|I know (1,12) your deeds||2.|
|and your hard work|||
|and your endurance (2,7)|||
|But you have this: You hate the practices of Nicolaitans, which I also hate.||5.|
|_He who _has _an ear, _let him hear _what the Spirit _says _to the churches.||6.|
|.To him who overcomes, .I will give .the right to eat .from the tree .of life,||7.|
|.which is in the paradise .of my God.|||
|To the angel of the church in Smyrna write:||1.1|
|These are the words of him who is the first||2|
|and the last,||3|
|and came to life again.||5|
|I know (2,12) your afflictions||2.6|
|and your poverty,||7|
|yet you are rich,||8|
|and the slander of those who say they are Jews||9|
|and are not,||10|
|but are a synagogue of Satan.||11|
|Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer.||3.12|
|I tell you, _the devil will put some of you in prison||4.1|
|to test you,||2|
|and you will suffer persecution _for ten days.||3|
|Be faithful, _even to the point of death,||5.4|
|and I will give you the crown of life.||5|
|He who has an ear, _let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.||6.6|
|He who overcomes will not be hurt at all _by the second death.||7.7|
|To the angel of the church in Pergamum write:||1.|
|.These .are the words .of him who has .the sharp (2,7) .sword .of two .edges.|||
|Repent (3,2,12) therefore;||4.|
|otherwise, I will soon come (2,7) to you||5.|
|and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.|||
|He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.||6.|
|To him who overcomes, I will give some of the hidden manna.||7.|
|I will also give him a white stone|||
|with a new name written on it,|||
|known (4,12) only to him who receives it.|||
|And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write:||1|
.These .are the words .of the Son .of God,
.who has .the eyes .like blazing .fire
.and the feet .of him .like burnished .bronze.
|I know (5,12) your deeds||2|
|Nevertheless, I have against you _that you tolerate that woman Jezebel,||3|
|so I will cast her on a bed,||4|
|Now I say||5|
|To him who overcomes||6|
|He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.||7|
|To the angel of the church in Sardis write:||1.1|
|.These are the words .of him who holds _.the seven .spirits .of God||2|
|.and the seven .stars:||3|
|I know (6,12) your deeds: _you have a reputation of being alive,||2.4|
|and you are dead.||5|
|.and strengthen ._what remains .and is about to die,||7|
|Remember, _therefore, _what you have received||4.1|
|and obey it||3|
|and repent (7,4,12).||4|
|But if you do not wake up,||5|
|I will come _like a thief,||6|
|and you will not know at what time _I will come _to you.||7|
|.Yet you have a few people .in Sardis .who have not soiled their clothes (1,7),||5.1|
|.and they will walk .with me, .in white, ._for they are worthy (1,7).||2|
|He who overcomes will, like them, be invested (1,12) with white clothes (2,7),||6.3|
|and I will never blot out his name _from the book _of life,||4|
|and will acknowledge his name _before my Father||5|
|and before his angels.||6|
|He who has an ear, _let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.||7.7|
|And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write:||1|
|These are the words _of him who is holy,||2●|
|who is true,||●|
|who holds the key _of David.||●|
|I know (7,12) your deeds: [*]||3|
* I know that you have little power (2,12)
* yet you have kept my word
* and have not denied my name.
|_I will make those who are _of the synagogue _of Satan,||4|
|Since you have kept my word _about my endurance (5,7),||5|
|Him who overcomes I will make a pillar _in the temple _of my God,||6|
|He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.||7|
|And to the angel of the Church in Laodicea write:||1.|
|_These are _the words _of the Amen,||●●●|
|_the faithful _and true _witness,||●●●|
|_the ruler _of God's _creation.||●●●|
|I know (8,12) your deeds; that you are neither cold nor hot.||2.|
|I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire,||●|
|and white clothes (3,7)||●|
|_To him who overcomes, _I will give the right to sit with me _on my throne,||6.|
|_just as I overcame|||
|_and sat down _with my Father _on his throne.|||
|He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.||7.|
|(4,1)||- 1 -|
After this I saw (1)
and there before me was a door _standing open _in heaven,
and the voice,
the one I had first heard _speaking (2,12) to me _like a trumpet said:
|«Come up here,||(voice 1)|
|(4,2-3)||- 2 -|
And there before me _was a throne (1) _which was in heaven,
and on the throne (2) _someone sitting on it,
and the one who sat there
had the appearance _of jasper
and a rainbow _encircling the throne (3),
had the appearance of an emerald,
|(4,4-6)||- 3 -|
|And surrounding the throne (4), twenty-four thrones,||1.|
|and [had] crowns of gold on their heads||3.|
|and from the throne (5) came flashes of lightning||4.●|
|and peals of thunder;||●|
|and before the throne (6), seven lamps were blazing,||5.|
|and before the throne (7) there was what looked like a sea of glass clear as crystal.||6.|
|And in the middle of the throne (8)||7.|
|(4,7-8a)||- 4 -|
|And the first living creature was _like a lion,||1.|
|and the second was _like an ox,||2.|
|and the third had a face like a man,||3.|
|and the fourth was _like a flying eagle.||4.|
|And each _of the four living creatures had six wings around||5.|
|and they were full (2,7) of eyes inside;||6.|
|and day _and night they never stop saying:||7.|
|(4,8b)||- 5 -||(voice 2)|
|[is the] Lord||●|
|the [one who is] God||●|
|the Almighty (2,9),||●|
|and is to come».||●|
|(4,9-10)||- 6 -|
|Whenever the living creatures give glory,||1.●|
|and thanks _to him who sits on the throne (10)||●|
|and worship him who lives for ever _and ever,||2.|
|and they lay their crowns _before the throne (12) saying:||3.|
|(4,11)||- 7 -||(voice 3)|
|«You are worthy (2,7), _our Lord||4.|
|and God, _to receive _glory||5.●|
|and power (3,12),||●|
|and by your will _they did not exist||6.|
|and were created».||7.|
|(5,1)||- 1 -||(5,1-14) [-1-]-[-7-]|
Then I saw (2)
in the right hand _of him who sat _on the throne
with writing inside
with seven seals.
|(5,2-5)||- 2 -|
And I saw (3) a mighty angel _who was proclaiming _in a loud voice,
|.«Who .is worthy (3,7) ._to open .the scroll||(voice 4)|
|And one of the elders (3,3,12) said to me, .._«Do not weep!||(voice 5)|
|(5,6)||- 4 -|
And then, standing in the centre _of the throne,
and the four living creatures,
and encircled by the elders (4,3,12), _I saw (4) a Lamb [1,12,28]
like if it had been slain.
He had seven horns
and seven eyes,
.which are .the seven .spirits ._of God ._sent out ._into all .the earth.
|(5,7-9a)||- 5 -|
And he came
and took [the scroll] from the right hand
of him who sat
on the throne.
And when he had taken it,
the four living creatures
and the twenty-four elders (5,3,12)
fell down before the Lamb [2,12,28],
having each one a harp
and they were holding golden bowls (1,12) full (3,7) of incense,
which are the prayers of the saints.
And they sang a new song:
|(5,9b-10)||- 6 -||(voice 6)|
«You are worthy (5,7) to take the scroll
and to open its seals,
because you were slain,
and with your blood
you purchased men for God
from every tribe
and you have made them to be kings
and they will reign (1,7) on the earth».
|(5,11-14)||- 7 -|
|Then I saw (5)||1.|
|and heard like a voice of many angels surrounding the throne||2.|
|and the living creatures|||
|and the elders (6,3,12),|||
|and they number ten thousands times ten thousands||3.|
|and thousand times thousand, saying in a loud voice:|||
|«Worthy (6,7) is the Lamb [3,12,28],||4.|
|who was slain,|||
|to receive power (4,12)||(voice 7)|
|Then I heard...||5.|
|«To him who sits _on the throne||(voice 8)|
|The four living creatures said, «Amen»,||6.|
|and the elders (7,3,12) fell down||7.|
|_And I saw (6) _when the Lamb [5,12,28] opened the first _of the seven seals,||.1|
|_and I heard one _of the four living creatures say _in a voice like thunder,||.2|
|And I saw (7),||.4|
|and there before me was a white horse,||.5|
|and its rider held a bow,||.6|
|and he was given a crown,||.7|
|and he rode out victorious||.8|
|And when he opened the second seal,||.1|
|I heard the second living creature _say:||2|
|«Come!».||(voice 2) .3|
|and another horse came out, _a fiery red one,||.4|
|and its rider _was given power to take out peace _from the earth||.5|
|and to make men slay _each other,||.6|
|and to him was given a large sword.||.7|
And when he opened the third seal,
I heard the third living creature say:
|And I heard what sounded like a voice among the four living creatures, saying:||(voice 4)|
And when he opened the fourth seal,
I heard the voice of the fourth living creature say:
And when he opened the fifth seal,
I saw (10) under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God
and the testimony they had maintained,
|And they called out in a loud voice,||(voice 6)|
|«How long, Sovereign Lord,||●|
|and true, until you judge the inhabitants of the earth||●|
And I saw (11) when he opened the sixth seal,
and there was a great earthquake (1,7),
and the sun turned black _like a sackcloth made of goat hair,
and the whole moon turned blood red,
and the stars
in the sky
fell to earth
_like late figs drop
from a fig-tree
by a strong wind,
and the sky receded _like a scroll, rolling up,
and every mountain _and island was removed from its place.
And the kings...
And the kings .of the earth,
and the princes,
and the generals,
and the rich,
and the mighty,
and every slave
and every free man .hid .in caves .and among the rocks .of the mountains,
and they called to the mountains _and the rocks:
|«Fall on us||(voice 7)|
After this _I saw (12) _four _angels standing
at the four corners _of the earth,
holding back the four winds _of the earth
to prevent any wind
from blowing on the land
or on the sea
or on any tree.
_And I saw (13) another angel _coming up _from the rise _of the sun, _having _the seal _of the living God,
.and he called out .in a loud voice .to the four angels
.who had been given power .to harm .the land
.and the sea:
|-«Do not harm the land||(voice 8)|
After this I saw (14)
and there before me was a great multitude
that no one could count, from every nation
and language, standing before the throne
and in front of the Lamb [7,12,28], invested (4,12) with white robes
and were holding palm branches in their hands.
|And they cried out in a loud voice:||(voice 9)|
|«Salvation belongs to our God,||●|
|who sits on the throne,||●|
|and to the Lamb [8,12,28]».||●|
And all the angels were standing round the throne
and round the elders (8,4,12)
and the four living creatures,
and they fell down on their faces _before the throne
and worshiped God, saying:
|And one of the elders (9,4,12) asked me:|||
|«These, invested (5,12) with white robes who are they,|||
|and where did they come from?»|||
|«Sir, you know (10,12)».|||
|And he said:|||
|«These are...||(voice 12)|
|«These are they who come out of the great tribulation;||(1)|
|and they have washed their robes||(2)|
|and made them white in the blood of the Lamb [9,12,28].||(3)|
|[Therefore they are before the throne of God|||
|and serve him day and night in his temple,||(4)|
|and he who sits on the throne will spread his tent over them.||(5)|
|"Never again will they hunger;||(6)|
|never again will they thirst,||(7)|
|and the sun will not beat upon them,||(8)|
|nor any scorching heat,||(9)|
|for the Lamb [10,12,28] at the centre of the throne will be their shepherd,||(10)|
|and he will lead them to springs of living water,||(11)|
|and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes».||(12)|
_And when he opened _the seventh _seal, _there was _silence _in heaven _for about half an hour.
And I saw (15) the seven angels who stand before God,
and to them were given seven trumpets.
And another angel came
and stood at the altar.
He had a golden censer,
and he was given much incense,
to offer with the prayers of all the saints,
on the golden altar
before the throne.
And the smoke (1,1,12)
of the incense,
together with the prayers
of the saints,
from the angel's hand.
And the angel
And the angel took the censer,
and filled it with fire from the altar,
and hurled it on the earth;
and there came peals of thunder
and flashes of lightning
and an earthquake (2,7).
_And the seven _angels _who had _the seven _trumpets _prepared (1,7) _to sound them.
And the first angel sounded his trumpet,
and there came hail
and fire mixed with blood,
and it was hurled down upon the earth;
and a third of the earth was burnt up,
and a third of the trees were burnt up,
and all the green grass was burned up.
And the second angel sounded his trumpet;
and something like a huge mountain, all ablaze, was thrown into the sea;
and a third of the sea turned into blood,
and a third of the living creatures in the sea died, which were alive,
and a third of the ships were destroyed.
And the third angel sounded his trumpet,
and a _great star, _blazing _like a torch, fell from the sky
and fell on a third of the rivers
and on the springs of water.
And the name of the star is «Wormwood»,
and a third of the waters turned bitter,
and many people died _from the waters _that had become bitter.
And the fourth angel sounded his trumpet;
and a third _of the sun was struck,
and a third _of the moon,
and a third _of the stars,
so that a third _of them turned dark,
and a third _of the day was without light,
and also a third of the night.
And I saw (16),
and I heard _an eagle flying _in mid-air
call out _in a loud voice:
|And the fifth angel sounded his trumpet.|||
|And I saw (17) a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth,|||
|And they were told not to harm the grass _of the earth|||
|And during those days men will seek death, but will not find it;|||
|they will long to die, but death will elude them.|||
|And the locusts resembled horses prepared (2,7) for battle,|||
(*) The seventh "like" does not appear as in Ap. 1,12-17a.
|_The first _woe _is past; _two other woes _are _yet to come _after that.|||
And the sixth angel sounded his trumpet;
and I heard a voice
coming from the horns
of the altar
that is before God,
to the sixth angel
the one who had the trumpet:
|«Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates».||(voice 3)|
And the number of the mounted troops was two hundred million;
|I heard their number.||(voice 4)|
And I saw (18)
in my vision
their breastplates were fiery red,
and dark blue,
and yellow as sulphur;
and the heads of the horses resembled the heads of lions,
and out of their mouths came fire,
and smoke (6,3,12)
A third of mankind was killed by the three plagues:
by effect of the fire,
and the smoke (7,3,12)
and sulphur _that came out _of their mouth,
for the power of the horses _was in their mouths
and in their tails,
for their tails _were like snakes, _having heads
and with them they inflict injury.
And the rest of mankind
that were not killed
by these plagues
still did not repent (9,6,12)
of the work
of their hands
stopping worship demons,
and idols of gold
and of silver
and of bronze
and of stone
and of wood, which cannot see
and nor did they repent (10,6,12) of their murders,
nor their magic arts,
nor their fornication (2,7) sexual immorality
nor their thefts.
And I saw (19) another mighty angel coming down from heaven, invested (6,12) with a cloud (2,7),
and with a rainbow above his head,
and his face was like the sun,
and his feet were like fiery pillars,
and he was holding a little scroll, which lay open in his hand.
And he planted his right foot on the sea,
and his left foot on the land,
and he gave a loud shout like the roar of a lion.
And when he shouted, the voices of the seven thunders spoke (3,12).
And when the seven thunders spoke (4,12), I was about to write;
|and I heard a voice from heaven say: «Seal up what the seven thunders have said||(voice 5)|
|5. (10,5-7)||(10,5-11,13) -|
_but in the days .of the voice .of the seventh angel
_when he will be about to sound .the trumpet,
_the mystery _of God .will be accomplished,
_just as he announced .to his _servants _the prophets».
|And the voice that I had heard from heaven spoke (6,12) to me once more||(voice 6)|
|And he said to me: _«Take it||(voice 7)|
|Then I was told: «You must prophesy again about peoples||(voice 8)|
|and many kings».||(voice 9)|
And I will give power to my two witnesses
and they will prophesy for 1.260 days, invested (7,12) with sackcloth.
These are the two olive trees
and the two lampstands (7,7),
that stand before the Lord of the earth.
If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths
and devours their enemies.
If anyone tries to harm them, this is how this must die.
These men have power to shut up the sky
so that it will not rain during the time of his prophesy (2,7);
and they have power over the water to turn the waters into blood
and to strike the earth with every kind of plague as often as they want.
And (1) when they have finished
that comes up
from the Abyss (4,7)
and (2) overpower
and (3) kill them.
And (4) their bodies will be in the streets of the great city,
which is figuratively called Sodom and (5) Egypt,
where also (6)(*) their Lord was crucified.
And (7) men from every people
and (8) tribe
and (9) language
and (10) nation,
will gaze on their bodies for three and (11) a half days
and (12) refuse them burial.
(*) "Also" comes from the same greek word than "and". Someone told that this line has been added to the original text, but with it the 12 "and" are in the verse.
And the inhabitants of the earth will gloat _over them
and will go merry,
and will celebrate by sending _each other gifts,
because these two prophets had tormented those who live on earth.
And after the three _and a half days _a breath of life _from God entered them,
and they stood on their feet,
and terror struck those who saw them.
|11. (11,12-13) And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them: «Come up here».|||
And they went up to heaven _in a cloud (3,7),
and their enemies looked on.
And at that very hour _there was a severe earthquake (3,7),
and a tenth of the city collapsed,
and seven thousand people were killed _in the earthquake (4,7),
and the survivors were terrified
and gave glory _to the God _of heaven.
_The second _woe _has passed; _the third _woe _is coming _soon.
And the seventh angel sounded his trumpet;
and there were loud voices in heaven, _which said:
|.«The kingdom .of the world .has become the kingdom .of our Lord||(voice 11)|
|«We give thanks to you, Lord||●|
|the [One who is] God||●|
|the Almighty (3,9),||●|
"and the nations were angry,
and your wrath has come,
and the time has come _for judging the dead,
and for rewarding _your servants _the prophets
and your saints
and those who reverence your name, both _the small _and the great,
and for destroying those who destroy the earth».
|(12,10-12) Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say:|||
|«Now have come...||(voice 1)|
|«Now have come the salvation||●|
|and the power (7,12)||●|
|and the kingdom of our God,||●|
"and the authority of his Christ (5,7),
for the accuser of our brothers has been hurled down,
he, who accuses them before our God day and night.
_And they _overcame him _by the blood _of the Lamb [11,12,28]
_and by the word _of their _testimony,
and they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death.
"Therefore rejoice, you heavens,
and you who dwell in them;
but woe to the earth
and the sea
because the devil
has gone down
filled with fury,
that his time
_And the serpent _from his mouth _spewed _water _like a river _behind the woman,
_to sweep her away with the river.
And the earth helped the woman,
and the earth opened its mouth,
and swallowed the river that the dragon had spewed out of his mouth.
And then the dragon was enraged at the woman,
|and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring,||●|
|those who obey God's commandments||●|
|and hold to the testimony of Jesus (6,14).||●|
|«Who is like the beast,||(voice 2)|
on his right hand
or on his forehead,
so that no one could buy
unless he had the mark (2,7),
which is the name of the beast
or the number of his name.
This calls for wisdom.
If anyone has insight, let him calculate the number of the beast,
for it is man's number.
And his number is 666.(*)
(*) 666 is a triangular number: 666 = 1 + 2 + 3 +....+ 36. (36 = 6 times 6).
And I saw (22),
and there before me was the Lamb [1,9,28],
standing on Mount Zion,
and with him 144,000
who had his name
and his Father's name
written on their foreheads.
|And I heard a sound from heaven||(voice 3)|
These are those who did not defile themselves _with women, _for they kept themselves pure.
They follow the Lamb [2,9,28] _wherever he goes.
They were purchased _from among men
and offered as firstfruits to God
and the Lamb [3,9,28],
and no lie was found _in their mouths;
they are blameless.
|«Fear God||(voice 4)|
(14,8) That verse has only 6 lines. 6 is related to Babylon.
|and (2) his image||(voice 6)|
|This calls for endurance (7,7) on the part of the saints||●|
|who obey God's commandments||●|
|and remain faithful to Jesus (7,14)».||●|
(*) The son of man in the middle of the angels substitutes the angel 4 in between Ap. 14,6 and Ap. 14,20.
|«_Take your sickle (2,7)||(voice 1)-1|
And another angel (6)
came out of the temple
a sharp (4,7)
And another angel (7) came from the altar,
who had charge of the fire,
and called in a loud voice to him who had the sharp (5,7) sickle (5,7):
|«_Take your sharp (6,7) _sickle (6,7),||(voice 2)-2|
And I saw (25) _in heaven _another sign (5,7),
.who had ._the seven plagues,
.the last ones,
.because with them ._God's wrath ._is completed.
And saw (26) what looked like a sea of glass
mixed with fire
and those who had been victorious over the beast
and his image
and over the number of his name,
standing beside the sea
the one of glass
holding harps of God
And sang the song of Moses,
the servant of God
and the song of the Lamb [5,9,28], saying:
|the [one who are] God||●|
And after this I saw (27),
and in heaven the temple of the tabernacle of the Testimony, was opened,
and out of the temple
the seven angels
with the seven plagues,
and wore golden sashes round their chests.
of the four _living creatures
to the seven angels
seven bowls (2,12) _of gold
filled (4,7) _with the wrath _of God,
who lives for ever _and ever.
And the temple was filled with smoke (9,5,12) from the glory of God
and from his power (9,12),
and no one
until the seven plagues
of the seven angels
_And I heard _a loud voice .from the temple
_saying .to the seven .angels:
And the first angel went
and poured out his bowl (4,12) _on the land,
on the people
who had the mark (5,7)
of the beast
and worshipped his image.
And the second angel poured out his bowl (5,12) _on the sea,
and it turned into blood _like that of a dead man,
and every living thing _in the sea died.
And the third angel poured out his bowl (6,12) on the rivers
and springs of water,
and they became blood.
|And I heard the angel in charge of the waters say: «You are just,||(voice 5)-5|
|you who are||●|
|and who were,||●|
|the Holy One,||●|
|the [one who is] God||●|
|the Almighty (5,9),||●|
And the fourth angel poured out his bowl (7,12) _on the sun,
and the sun was given power to scorch people _with fire.
And they were seared _by the intense heat
and they cursed the name
the one of God,
who has control _over these plagues,
and they refused to repent (11,7,12) _for glorify him.
And the fifth angel poured out his bowl (8,12) _on the throne _of the beast,
and his kingdom was plunged into darkness.
and they gnawed their tongues in agony _because of the fury of their pains,
and cursed the God _of heaven
because of their pains
and because of their sores,
and they refused to repent (12,7,12) _of what they had done.
And the sixth angel poured out his bowl (9,12) on the great river Euphrates,
and its water
was dried up
to prepare (5,7)
for the kings
from the rising
And I saw (28) three evil spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon,
and out of the mouth of the beast
and out of the mouth of the false prophet,
as they are spirits of demons performing miraculous signs (6,7),
who go out to the kings
of the whole world,
to gather them
for the battle
on the great day
«Behold, I come (4,7) like a thief:
blessed (3,7) is he who stays awake and keeps his clothes (5,7) with him,
so that he may not go naked
and be shamefully exposed».
And they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.
And the seventh angel poured out his bowl (10,12) into the air,
and out of the temple came a loud voice
from the throne, saying:
|«It is done!».||(voice 7)-7|
And God remembered Babylon (2,6) the Great
to gave her the cup _of the wine _of the fury _of the wrath _of Him.
And every island fled away
and the mountains could not be found.
And from the sky huge hailstones of about a hundred pounds each fell upon men.
And they cursed God _because the plague of hail,
so terrible was the plague.
|And one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls (11,12) came|||
|And when I saw her, I was astonished _with a great astonishement.||(voice 2)-9|
|and with him will be his called,||●|
|and faithful followers».||●|
|(18,1-3)||- 1 -|
I saw (31)
and the earth was illuminated by his splendour.
|And with a mighty voice he shouted: «Fallen!||(voice 3)-10|
|(18,4-7a)||- 2 -||(18,4-21) -|
|And I heard another voice from heaven say: «Come out of her, my people,|||
(*) This "certainly never" will have seven contestations from Ap. 18,14 until Ap. 18,24. On top of that the verb "to see" does not appear until Ap. 19,11, where the Heaven is opened.
|(18,7b-8)||- 3 -|||
In her heart she boasts:
"I sit as queen
and I am not a widow,
and I will certainly never(*) mourn;
therefore in one day her plagues will overtake her:
and she will be consumed by fire;
for mighty Lord
[is] the God
who judges her».
|(18,9-10)||- 4 -|||
And they will weep
and they will mourn over her, the kings of the earth,
they who committed adultery with her
and shared her luxury,
when they see the smoke (10,6,12) of her burning,
terrified at her torment, they will stand far off and cry:
O great city,
O Babylon (5,6),
city of strength,
for in one hour your doom has come!».
|(18,11-13)||- 5 -|||
|And the merchants||(1)|
(8 luxurious articles)
(6 building articles)
(4 food articles)
(4 farmer elements)
(2 human elements)
(The series has been: 8 6 5 4 4 2, instead of 7 (4+3) 6 5 4 3 2. The 3, which signifies God, does not appear).
|(18,14-15)||- 6 -|||
And the fruit _you longed for is gone from you.
and all your riches
and splendour have vanished,
and certainly never (1) to be recovered.
The merchants of these things _who gained their wealth from her
will stand far off, _terrified at her torment _weeping
and mourning, _saying:
|(18,16-17a)||- 7 -|
_«Woe!, _Woe, _O great city, _invested (10,12) with fine linen,
and glittering with gold
and precious stones
for in one hour _such great wealth has been brought to ruin!».
|(18,17b-19)||- 8 -|||
And every sea captain,
and all who travel by ship,
and the sailors,
and all who earn their living from the sea, will stand far off,
and when they see the smoke (11,6,12) of her burning, they will exclaim:
«Was there ever a city like this great city?».
And they will throw dust on their heads,
and with weeping
and mourning cry out:
«Woe!, Woe!, O great city,
where all who had ships on the sea became rich through her wealth,
for in one hour she has been brought to ruin!».
|(18,20)||- 9 -|||
Rejoice over her,
And the saints
and the apostles
and the prophets,
for God has judged
your judjement against her.
|(18,21-24)||- 10 -|
And then a mighty angel picked up a boulder
large _like of a millstone
and threw it _into the sea, _saying:
|«This way _with violence _Babylon (6,6) will be thrown down,||(voice 5)-12|
"And the music of harpists
and flute players
and trumpeters will certainly never (3) be heard in you again,
and workman of any trade will certainly never (4) be found in you again,
and the sound of a millstone will certainly never (5) be heard in you again,
and the light of a lamp will certainly never (6) shine in you again,
and the voice of bridegroom and bride will certainly never (7) be heard in you again,
for your merchants were the world's great men,
for by your magic spell all the nations were led astray,
and in her was found the blood of prophets and of the saints,
and of all who have been beheaded on the earth».
|(19,1a)||- 11 -||(19,1-8)-|
|and power (12,12) _belong to our God,||●|
|And again they shouted: «Hallelujah!»||(voice 7)-2|
And the smoke (12,7,12) from her goes up for ever and ever,
and the twenty-four elders (12,7,12) fell down,
and the four living creatures,
and worshiped God,
who was seated on the throne craying:
And a voice came from the throne,
|«Praise our God,||(voice 8)-3|
And I heard like the voice _of a great multitude,
and like the roar _of rushing waters
and like loud peals _of thunder, _shouting:
|For our Lord _reigns (4,7),||●|
|the [One who is] our God||●|
|the Almighty (7,9).||●|
"Let us rejoice
and be glad
and give him glory!
For the wedding _of the Lamb [8,9,28] has come,
and his bride has made herself prepared (6,7),
|and was given her to be invested (11,12) _with fine linen,||●|
|(19,9-10)||- 12 -|
|And he said to me:||(voice 10)-5|
|And he said to me:||(voice 11)-6|
|And he said to me:||(voice 12)-7|
|(19,11-13)||- 1 -|
And I saw (32) heaven standing open
and there before me was a white horse,
whose rider is called Faithful
and with justice he judges
and makes war.
His eyes are like blazing fire,
and on his head are many crowns,
he has a name written on him
that no one knows (12,12) but he himself,
and he is invested (12,12) with a cloth (6,7) dipped in blood,
and his name has been named the Word of God.
|(19,14-16)||- 2 -|
_And the armies _of heaven _were following him, _riding on white horses _dressed in
|(19,17-18)||- 3 -||(19,17-20,10) -|
|And I saw (33) an angel standing in the sun,|||
|(19,19-21)||- 4 -|
|And I saw (34) the beast|||
|(20,1-3)||- 5 -|
|And I saw (35) an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss (6,7)|||
|(20,4)||- 6 -|
|And I saw (36) thrones|||
|(20,5-6)||- 7 -|
|The rest of the dead did not come to life|||
|(20,7-8)||- 8 -|
|.And when .the thousand years .are over, ._Satan .will be released .from his .prison,|||
|(20,9-10)||- 9 -|
|And they marched across the breadth of the earth|||
|(20,11-15)||- 10 -|
|And I saw (37) a great white throne||[*1*]|
|and him who was seated on it;||[*2*]|
|and there was no place for them.||[*3*]|
And I saw (38) the dead,
and small, standing before the throne,
and books were opened;
and another book was opened,
which is the book of life;
and the dead
about the things
what they had done
what was recorded
in the books.
And the sea gave up the dead _that were in it,
and the death _and the Hades gave up the dead _that were in them,
and each one was judged _according to what he had done.
And the death _and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire.
This is the second death:
the lake of fire.
And if anybody was not found
in the book
he was thrown
into the lake
|(21,1-5a)||- 12 -|
|And I saw (39) a new heaven||[*4*]|
|and a new earth; _for the first heaven||[*5*]|
|and the first earth had passed away,||[*6*]|
|and the sea does not exist any more.||[*7*]|
|«Now the tabernacle of God is with men,||(voice 2)|
|for the old order of things has passed away».||(voice 3)|
|(21,5b-8)||- 1 -|
|Then he said: «Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true».||(voice 4)|
|He said to me: «It is done!.||(voice 5)|
and all liars,
their place will be in the fiery Lake which burns with fire and sulphur,
which is the second death».
|(21,9-11)||- 2 -|
_And one _of the seven angels _came
_who had _the seven bowls (12,12) full (7,7) _of the seven _last plagues
.and spoke (11,12) with me .saying:
|(21,12-14)||- 3 -||(21,12-22,5) -|
|(21,15-17)||- 4 -|||
_The angel who spoke (12,12) to me _had as a measure _a rod _of gold
_to measure the city,
_and its gates
_and its walls.
.And the city .was laid out .like a square,
.and its length .was like its width.
_And he measured _the city _with the rod _as 12,000 estadia(*) in length;
_and the width
_and its height were equal.
.And he measured .its wall: .144 cubits(*) , .man's measurement,
.which is of angel.
(*) 1 estadia = 177.6 m. 1 cubit = 0.444 m.
|(21,18-23)||- 5 -|||
And the wall was made of jasper,
and the city of pure gold as pure as glass.
of the walls
of the city
with every kind
of precious stone:
The first foundation was jasper,
the second sapphire,
the third chalcedony,
the fourth emerald,
the fifth sardonyx,
the sixth carnelian,
the seventh chrysolite,
the eighth beryl,
the ninth topaz,
the tenth chrysoprase,
the eleventh jacinth,
the twelfth amethyst.
And the twelve gates were twelve pearls,
each gate made of a single pearl.
And the great street of the city was of pure gold, like transparent glass.
|(21,22-23)||- 6 -|||
|And I did not see a temple in the city, _because the Lord||●|
|the [One who is] God||●|
|the Almighty _is its temple,||●|
|(21,24-27)||- 7 -|||
And the nations will walk by its light,
and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it.
And on no day will its gates ever be shut,
for there will be no night there;
and the glory
and honour of the nations will be brought into it.
and certainly nothing impure will ever enter it,
nor will anyone who does what is shameful
but only those whose names are written in the book
of the Lamb [5,7,28].
|(22,1-3a)||- 8 -|||
And he showed me the river of water of life,
as clear as crystal,
flowing from the throne of God
and of the Lamb [6,7,28].
Down the middle of the great street;
and on one side
and on the other side of the river
[stood] the tree of life,
which bears twelve crops of fruit,
yielding its fruit every month,
and the leaves of the tree are for healing of the nations.
And no longer will there be any curse.
|(22,3b-5)||- 9 -|||
And the throne of God
and of the Lamb [7,7,28] will be in the city,
and his servants will serve him,
and they will see his face,
and his name will be on their foreheads.
And there will be no more night,
and they will not need the light of a lamp
or the light of the sun,
for the Lord God will give them light,
and they will reign (7,7)
|(22,6-7)||- 10 -|
|(22,8-9)||- 11 -|
(*) Somebody has told that these words are a repetition of Ap. 19,10, because it can not be well explained how it can be that Saint John could make the same error. But it can not be a copy error if these completes precisely twelve estrofes. By the way the problem can be solved easilly thinking that this second angel was very much perfect than the former.
|(22,10-11)||- 12 -|
|1. (22,12)||- IV -||[III includes from Ap.2,1 until Ap.22,11]|
|_Behold, _I am coming (6,7) soon,||1.|
|_and my reward _is with me,||2.|
|_I am _the Alpha _and the Omega,||3.|
|_the First _and the Last,||4.|
|_the Beginning _and the End.||5.|
|Blessed (7,7) are those who wash their tunics,||6.|
|Outside are the dogs,||7.|
|those who fornicate,|||
|and everyone who loves _and practises falsehood.|||
|4. (22,16a)||- V -|
_I, _Jesus (12,14), _have sent _my angel _to give you _this testimony _for the churches.
|5. (22,16b-17)||- VI -|
I am the Root
and the Offspring of David,
and the bright Morning Star»
And the Spirit
and the bride say:
And let him who hears say:
And whoever is thirsty,
let him come;
let him take the free gift of the water of life.
|6. (22,18-19)||- VII -|
I warn everyone who hears the words _of the prophecy (6,7) _of this book:
If anyone adds anything to them,(*)
God will add to him the plagues described in this book.
And if anyone takes words away _from this book _of prophecy (7,7),
God will take away from him his share in the tree _of life
and in the holy city,
which are described in this book.
(*) A lot of bad translations, willing "optimize" the Saint John's style, make impossible recognizing the poetical structure, which can be seen easilly in the Greek original. Only for that is really true that no word can be added or deleted. Saint John's epilogue
|7. (22,20-21)||- 7 -||[6 includes from Ap.1,12 until Ap.22,19]|
He who testifies to these things says:
I am coming (7,7) _soon».
Lord _Jesus (13,14).
The grace _of the Lord _Jesus (14,14) _be with all of you.